Breidamerkurfjall (774m) is an outcrop of the country’s highest
mountain, Oraefajokull (2,119m), to the west of the wide glacier snout
Breidamerkurjokull. To the west of the mountain, another much smaller,
but much steeper glacier tongue, the Fjallsjokull, cascades down the
slopes into a small lagoon, where it calves. Those two glacier tongues
touched from the turn of the 17th century to the middle of
the 20th. The well vegetated mountain slopes have been good
grazings for the sheep up to this date.
During the so-called Saga Age, the farm Fjall stood at its
foot, probably originally built by the first settler,
Thordur Illugi Eyvindarson. Nowadays there is no sign
left of its ruins, butthe topographical name Baejarsker
refers to its location. Farm Breida stood some
distance further east.
It was a large estate for ages. According to the Njal’s
Saga, Kari Solmundarson, who settled his differences with Flosi, the
powerful farmer of farm Svinafell, and married his niece, Hildigunnur,
spent the remaining years of his life at farm Breida. It was a church
site to the year 1362 and after that it was annexed to another parish.
The farm was permanently abandoned just before the turn of the 17th
One of the
farmers of the nearby farm Kvisker, Sigurdur Bjornsson, went looking for
his sheep in the mountain slopes of Mt Breidamerkurfjall during the
winter of 1936. He was swept away by an avalance and buried in a 28 m.
deep depression underneath the edge of the glacier. He could hardly
move in the compact snow and started singing hymns and continued for
almost 24 hours, when the rescuers heard him and dug him out.