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Birds of the

Geology of the South



Kids Travel Guide
Icelandic Saga Travel Guide
 South Iceland

Upper Part of District Arnessysla


 Drift Zone

 Thingvellir more


Did you know? Icelanders gathered at River Oxara in Thingvellir, The Parliamentary Plains, for the first time in 930 AD.

Did you know? the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates shift and drift apart through Thingvellir National Park.

Did you know?
Many abandoned farms are at Thingvellir National Park

Did you know? The area northeast of Lake Thingvallavatn was called The Blue Forest in ancient times.

Did you know? According to documented sources, a church was built at Thingvellir shortly after the acceptance of Christianity in the year 1000.

Did you know? Tales of witchcraft and scorcery at Thingvellir

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In Icelandic


Yuletide lads



Grímsnes more

Did you know? Farm Kaldarhofdi is opposite to the Drattarhlid Hill to the east of River Sog. An elderly man and a child had been buried there in a small boat.

Did you know? Lake Ulfljotsvatn is about 7-8 km long and 1 km wide. The lake’s name is derived from Ulfljotur, who was the first Law Speaker (President of the parliament). 

Did you know? The only hamlet of the Grimsnes County is Solheimar.  The first attempt of organic growing in the Nordic countries was carried out there. 

Did you know? Mt Hestfjall Its highest point is called Hesteyru (The Horse’s Ears). According to the legend a huge monster occupies a big cave under the mountain

 Geysir in Haukadal

 Geysir more

Did you know? Geysir most famous and former largest spouting hot spring of the world probably was created during an extended earthquake period at the end of the 13th century.

Did you know?
The land of Haukadalur once stretched all the way up to the crater row Jarlhettur, when the desert Haukadalsheidi was fully vegetated, but has now become one of the greatest erosion problems of the country.

Did you know? The church Haukadalur belongs to the Skalholt benefice of the Arnes deanery.  The Catholic churches of Haukadalur were dedicated to the Holy Virgin, the apostle Andres, Bishop Marteinn and St. Barbara.


 Gullfoss more

Did you know? The Golden Waterfalls (Gullfoss) are situated in the upper part of River Hvita

Did you know?
Icelandic waterfalls for electrical production.  An Englishman was interested in Gullfoss, and offered Tomas, Sigridur's father, 50,000,oo Ikr. for the waterfalls, but his answer was: "I do not sell my friends". 


Did you know?

Did you know? Most of the few artefacts preserved from the older churches of Skalholt are kept in the National Museum in Reykjavik.

Did you know? Another legend tells us about a young man, who wanted to fly like the birds.  He made large wings of bird feathers and walked up the slopes of the mountain Vordufell and managed to glide across River Hvita and land safely near the historic site and ancient bishopric Skalholt. 

Fludir more

Did you know? Hruni is a farm, a church site, and a parsonage in the Hrunamanna County. Thorvaldur Gissurarson (1155-1225), the son of Gissur Hallsson of Haukadalur, lived at Hruni 1182-1225
Did you know?
According to the legends, the earlier churches Hruni stood on top of a rocky mound near the farm, where the so-called Hruni-giant’s profile can be seen in the cliffs.

Did you know? Braedratunga is a manor and a church site on the tongue of land between the rivers Hvita and Tungufljot in the Southwestern Lowlands.




More Thorsardalur

Did you know? Gaukshofdi is a headland along which River Thjorsa runs where it can be forded when the water level is not too high. The headland was named after Gaukur, who lived at Stong in the Thjorsa Valley in the 10th century.

Did you know? Hjalparfoss is a beautiful, two stepped waterfall near the confluence of Rivers Thjorsa and Fossa in the Thjorsa Valley. The surrounding area is called Hjalp (Help),

Did you know? Thorsardalur "The Free State Period" (930-1262), the settlement of this green valley flourished until the 1104 eruption of Mt. Hekla devastated it.

Did you know? The farm Stong in the Thjorsardalur Valley was devastated by the first documented Hekla eruption in 1104 along with many other farms in the valley.
Did you know? The Book of Settlements explains the denomination of the river Thorsa: " A man named Thorarinn, the son of Thorkell from Alvidra, the son of Hallbjorn Hordukappi, sailed into the estuaries of Thjorsa and did not remove the carved bull's head from the prow of his ship".

Did you know? The Thjofafoss (The Waterfall of the Thieves) was named after thieves, who were punished for their crimes by drowning.

Eyrarbakki and Stokkseyri

Húsin, Eyrarbakka

Eyrarbakka and Stokkseyri more


Did you know? Thuridarbud is a replica of the former fishermen’s accommodations and storage space, which depicts a part of the work conditions of the fishermen and named after the only female foreman in Iceland. 

Did you know? The Baugsstadir farm was named after the settler Baugur, who spent his first winter in Iceland

Did you know? Kaldadarnes was and still is a large estate just east of River Olfusa in the Floi County.  One of the oldest sources relating to it is the ferry deed granting the estate the ferry rights between Kaldadarnes and Arnarbaeli,

Did you know? Flioi nature reserve bird sanctuary covers a part of the eastern bank of the River Olfusa estuaries, almost from the Oseyri Bridge to the boundaries of County Sandvikurhreppur.

 Hveragerði, Selfoss, Hella, Hvolsvollur area


Ölfus og Hveragerði more

Did you know? This former manor Reykir is situated at the foot of Mt Reykjafell, just east of River Varma on the outskirts of the horticultural town Hveragerdi.

Did you know? The mountain Ingolfsfjall was named after the first Norwegian settler of the country, Ingolfur Arnarson, and he is said to be buried in the diorite mound Ingholl on the top of the mountain. 

Did you know? One of the oldest sources relating to the ferry deed granting the estate the ferry rights between Kaldadarnes and Arnarbaeli,


Hella og Hvolsvöllur more

Did you know? The river Thjorsa is the longest and the second most voluminous river of the country.

Did you know? Farm Bergthorshvoll is also the domicile of a Lutheran Reverend in County West Landeyjar.
Njal’s Saga is without doubt the most popular of the Saga literature. 

Did you know? Keldur is a farm and a church site in the Rangarvellir County.
According to the Njal's Saga, the farmer Ingjaldur Holskuldsson occupied Keldur around the year 1000.

Eyjafjoll og Skogar area

Eyjafjöll og Skoga more

Did you know? Asolfsskali is a farm and a church site at the foothills of Mts. Eyjafjoll (The Island Mountains). According to The Book of Settlements, an Irish Christian, Asolfur alskik arrived in Iceland and built his lodgings there first.

Did you know? There are many man made caves in the Southwestern Lowlands. Behind the ruins of the old farm at Seljaland is a rocky mound with three caves.

Did you know? Waterfall Skogafoss is 60 m high and counted among the most beautiful of the country. The first settler at Skogar was Thrasi Thorolfsson. He was a learned man and his character was antiquated. He is said to have hidden a chest filled with gold coins in a cave behind the waterfall. 

Vík in Myrdal

Baðstofuhellir Vík

Vík more

Did you know? "The Peter's Island" as this freestanding, 275 m high, mountain is called in English, stands just east of the outwash plain Solheimasandur

Did you know?
Cave Badstofuhellir is best known for Reverend Jon Steingrimsson's stay there for a part of the winter of 1755.

Did you know? Farm Hofdabrekka is the easternmost one in the Myrdalur County, closes to the alluvial plain Myrdalssandur.  In earlier times it was a large estate and a church site. 

Did you know? Hjorleifshofdi is a freestanding, 221 m high hyaloclastite headland on the outwash plain Myrdalssandur. According to Book of Settlements, a bay reached the foothills of this low mountain, but was filled up by the constant flood waves connected with the Katla eruptions


Systrastapi,vestan við Klaustur.

 Klaustur more

Did you know? The 25 km long crater Eldhraun row called Lakagigar was created during a relatively short, but catastrophic eruption between the 8th of June 1783 and February 1784, considered among the biggest and most poisonous eruptions of the earth during historical times.

Did you know?
1186 a nun monastery was established in Kirkjubær á Síðu. It was later called Kirkjubæjarklaustur and the topographical names Systrastapi and Systrafoss are connected to this time.

Did you know? The Argument Mound (Orusuholl) protrudes from the eastern Skafta Fire Lava Field, just south of the main road.



Did you know?
Skeidararsandur is one of the largest alluvial plains of the country. It is situated between the counties Oraefi and Fljotshverfi and has an area of approx. 1000 km².

Did you know? Ingolfshofdi is a headland, framed with the sea in the south, the outwash plain in the north and precipice all around.

Did you know? Farm Svinafell in the Oraefi County was among the largest and most important estates of Eastern Iceland in the Past.


Skaftafell more

Did you know? Forest Baejarstadaskogur is one of the best thriving birch forests of the country. Its relatively straight trees reach the height of about 13 metres.

Did you know?
Sandfell is an abandoned farm in the Oraefi District, a former church site and a parsonage.  The widow of Asbjorn Heyangurs-Bjarnson, Thorgerdur, built the first farmhouses there according to the Book of Settlements.



Hali í Suðursveit

 Suðursveit more

Did you know? Hof is a cluster of farms in the Oraefi County. During catholic times, the church there was dedicated St. Clemens.

Did you know?
  Glacier Breidamerkurjokull counts among the largest glacier tongues of the country.  Its ice-flow has a southerly direction from the main firn of icecap Vatnajokull and carves the landscape on its way.

Did you know? Before 1950, the course of the Glacial River (Jokulsa) was about 1½ km (2 miles) long and the lagoon did not exist. Since then the glacier tongue has retreated and the lagoon is constantly growing in size.

Did you know?
Borgarhofn is a cluster of farms in County Sudursveit.  The farmers in the area were active fishermen in earlier times, and legends tell us about the travels of people from the northern part of the country across the icecap to participate in the fisheries.

Did you know? Oraefajokull is the highest mountain of the country, 2,110 m, and stretches to the south of the middle of the ice cap Vatnajokull. 

 Hofn in Hornafjordur


 Höfn more

Did you know? Hoffell is an estate in the Nesjar County.  According to the Book of Settlements, Audun the Red bought this land from Hrollaugur, the first settler of the area, and built a large temple there.

Did you know?
Hoffell, at the foot of the Hoffell- Mountains, where a selection of semi-precious stones can be found. Many of those stones are on display in natural history museums in Europe.

Did you know? Papos was the first trading post of the East Skaftafell District.  It was established in 1861 and in 1897 a permanent post was established at Hofn, where it still is nowadays. 

Kids Travel Guide
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