At the Icelandic Emigration Centre in Hofsos there
is plenty to interest the visitor: a fascinating historical exhibition
on the Icelandic emigrants, an information and genealogy centre,
library, lecture hall, and a souvenir shop. The centre is run by the
company Snorri Thorfinnsson ehf., which bears the name of the son of
Thorfinnur karlsefni and his wife, Gudridur Thorbjarnardottir,
settlers in Vinland (America), who is believed to be the first
European child born in the New World. One of the principal goals of
the company is to strengthen the ties between the Icelanders and the
descendants of the emigrants to the New World.
Dear Visitor! You are about to begin a journey back
in time. On your way through the old cooperative store, you will learn
about Iceland in the period 1870-1914, and Icelandic emigration to the
New World. You will discover how people lived in Iceland, why they
chose to emigrate, their journey across the Atlantic ocean, and their
lives in their new homeland. Bon voyage!
Iceland in the 19th century, population, numbers of
emigrants, natural conditions. The first to leave are Mormons, and
emigrants to Brazil.
The background and preceding causes of the emigration.
Propaganda for the emigration, and opposition to it. Changes in
trade, and how it affected the emigration.
Agents and their role.
Agriculture in the 19th century. Preparations for
Society in metamorphosis. New options for those who wanted a new
way of life.
Life in a fishing village.
Changes in the economy in 1870-1914. Innovations in agriculture,
development of the fisheries, industrialization and urban
Emigration. How the emigrants left Iceland.
Aboard an emigrant vessel. Conditions on board.
A log cabin. The settlers’ first home.
America, land of opportunities. Icelandic communities,
conditions and standard of living.
Icelandic settlers in the New World. Neighbours, work, old
customs in a new environment, publications, and renowned Icelandic
Genealogy Centre. Information.
Exhibition room for temporary exhibitions.