Greenland or Kalaalit
Nunaat as the Inuits call it, is the largest island of the world.
It stretched from 60°N to 83°39’N.
Its length from south to north is about 2670 km, corresponding to
the distance between Oslo in Norway and Tunisia.
Its greatest width in the north is 1050 km.
The total area of Greenland is 2.175.600 km˛.
Ice-free areas are 341.700 km˛.
The highest mountains are: Gunnbjornsfjall (3700m) and Mt. Forel
(3440m; north of Ammassalik). The
main structure of the country is granite. Its longest bays, such as Scoresby Bay, are 300 km long.
The coastal area is about 41.000 km long (corresponding to the
earth’s circumference at the equator). The greatest thickness of the ice shield is about 3300 m.
The number of inhabitants was 56.901 on January 1st
westernmost parts of the country are
on similar latitudes as New York and the southernmost point
on the same latitude as Oslo.
main trades of the country are the fisheries, sheep farming and hunting
(seals, polar bears, whales etc.). The capital is Nuuk (Godthaab)
with about 18.300 inhabitants. The airport there serves mainly
helicopters and STOL-planes.