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GREENLAND
HISTORY

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The Icelandic Book of Settlements informs us about Hallbjorn Oddsson of Kidjaberg in the Grimsnes County.  He had asked for the hand of Hallgerdur, the daughter of Tungu-Oddur Onundarson of Breidabolstadur, married her, and they got along favourably.  They stayed at Breidabolstadur during the winter, and the next spring Hallbjorn prepared everything for their move to his estate at Kidjaberg.  His wife had changed her mind about leaving her family and denied to accompany him.  He reacted violently, when she told him, sitting on a chair combing her hair, and ceased her hair and cut of her head with his sword.

Soon afterwards he and his three companions set off home with his belongings.  The murdered woman’s uncle, Snaebjorn galti Holmsteinsson, gathered a posse and chased Hallbjorn.  He caught up with him on a hill in the western interior, where they fought.  After a brave defence Hallbjorn and his men were killed.  Shortly afterwards, Snaebjorn galti sailed with Hrolfur and his crew to explore the area west of Iceland.  They discovered a country where they spent the winter.  The next spring Snaebjorn was slain.  Presumably Snaebjorn and Hrolfur were the first discoverers of Greenland.

2000 BC        The first Inuit hunters arrived in Greenland.

986 AC          Eric the red settled in Greenland.

1000 AC        The Nordic people in Greenland accepted Christianity.

1530 AC        The mysterious disappearance of the Nordic people in Greenland.

1576 AC        The Englishman Martin Frobisher discovered Greenland again.

1650 AC        The beginning of whale hunting.

1714 AC        The Norwegian, Hans Egede, arrived in Greenland. His arrival marks the  beginning of Christian missionary work in Greenland and the Danish settlement there. The first mission was opened in Nuuk in  1728. Books were imported, but their distribution and missionary work were extremely difficult because of   the rugged landscape and the size of the  country. In 1921, all the Greenlanders had been christianized.

1806-1813       The German petrologist, K.L. Giesecke, travelled in Greenland.

1734               The establishment of the Royal Danish Trading Company in Greenland.

1851               The grammar of the Inuit language by Samuel Kleinschmidt was
                       published in Berlin.

1861                The newspaper Atuagagdliutit was established.

1884-1885        Gustav Holm discovered Angmagssalik on his expedition.

1900                 The Herrnhuter mission came to an end.

1912                 J.P. Koch and Alfred Wegener traversed the Greenland icecap.

1930-1931         J. Georgi, F. Loewe and E. Sorge spent the winter on the icecap.

1931                Wolfgang von Gronau was the first to cross the icecap in an airplane.

1933                 The World Court in Den Haag ruled Greenland a Danish territory
                        when the
Norwegians disputed their right of ownership.

1941                 The first US base was built in Greenland.

1950                 The trade monopoly of the Royal Trading Company was abolished.

1953                  A new constitution made Greenland a Danish territory.

1959                 The vessel Hans Hedtoft sank south of Greenland with 95    . Ice observations   on  the ocean commenced.

1966                 Telephone connections between Greenland and  Denmark                        were established.

1979                Autonomy was acquired.


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