Relationship to other languages.
Icelandic is one of the Nordic languages, which are a
subgroup of the Germanic languages.
Germanic languages are traditionally divided into North Germanic,
i.e. the Nordic languages, West Germanic, i.e. High and Low
German including Dutch-Flemish, English and Frisian, and
East Germanic, i.e. Gothic, which is now dead. The Germanic
languages are in the family of Indo-European languages
together with the Celtic, Slavonic, Baltic, Romance, Greek,
Albanian, Armenian and Indo-Iranian languages, in addition
to several language groups, which are now dead.
Accordingly, Icelandic is more or less related to all these
languages. Linguistically it is most closely related to
Faeroese and Norwegian.
word Viking is a collective designation of Nordic
peoples, Danes, Swedes, Norwegians and Icelanders, who
ranged abroad during a period of dynamic Scandinavian
expansion in the Middle Ages, from about
AD 800 to
1100. Called the Viking Age.
is more or less related to all these
languages and are spoking to day as since Iceland was
settled in the period A.D. 870-930