Eiriksjokull (1,675 m) has an area of about 22 km sq. and rests on
top of one
of the largest table mountains of the country.
The area of its foundations is about 40 km sq.
It is the highest mountain of West Iceland.
It was created during the latter part of the ice age and the eruption lasted long enough to melt the ice all the way
through. That way a
so-called hyaloclastite foundation was created during the sub-glacial
eruption and a shield volcano on top after the eruption continued in the
open. A few glacier snouts
flow down the northeastern and northern slopes.
This ice cap is located just south of the lava field
Hallmundarhraun and to the west of the second largest ice cap of the
fine day it is very prominent from the western Borgarfjordur
Lowlands and from the main road across the Holtavorduheidi
The pass between the ice caps is called Flosaskard. Glacier
Eiriksjokull tempts many mountaineers.
It is not too difficult to climb, but its screes are steep and
require time to conquer. In
the northern screes is a cliff called Eiriksgnipa.
It and the mountain were named after a certain Eirikur, who was a
member of a group of young
students of the school at Holar in the North.
They had caused a fatal accident and fled into the mountains to
hide from justice. They
found shelter in the largest lava cave of the country, Surtshellir, and
stayed there for a while. During
their stay, they stole sheep and horses from the farmers of the
Borgarfiordur District. The farmers
mobilized a posse to arrest the students.
They were lucky enough to find them asleep in a depression in the
landscape near River Nordlingafljot.
One of the students, Eirikur, a swift runner, ran up the screes of
the mountain and his persecutors managed to maim him, but he continued by
vaulting across the ice cap and escaped. The others
HIGHLAND ICELAND SAGA