Order of the Falcon. The Order of the Falcon was established in 1921. It is the
only Icelandic order. It may be conferred upon Icelanders and
non-nationals for achievements in the interest of Iceland or in the
international arena. The President of Iceland is the Grand Master of the
Order. A council of five members controls the affairs of the Order and
makes recommendations on awards to the Grand Master. On festive
occasions, however, the Grand Master may award the Order without
recommendations of the Order Council.
The Grand Master and the Chairman of the Order Council sign the
Letter Patent. The Order
has the following classes: Grand Cross, Commander with a Star,
Commander, and Knight. Receipts
for the insignia of the Order are to be sent to the Secretary of the
President of Iceland who is the Secretary of the Order and occupies a
seat on the Order Council.
On the death of a person upon whom the Order
has been conferred, the insignia shall be returned forthwith
to the Secretary of the Order. Abroad, the insignia may be
handed to Icelandic Embassies or Consulates for further
A Grand Cross Knight shall upon receiving the
award return the Commander's Star if it has previously been awarded to
him or her, as also a Commander shall return a Knight's Cross if he or
she had it before.
The medal of Icelandic Red Cross was established in 1949. It is awarded
by the President of Iceland for humanitarian deeds and has two classes.
Since 1954, the President of Iceland has awarded medallions for
services rendered. The
President of Iceland also awards medallions of the Republic of Iceland
for heroic achievement. Established in 1950, they are awarded in two
classes to those who endanger their lives or health to save Icelanders
from mortal danger.
medals. By presidential decree in 1947, Icelandic nationals who are
awarded foreign medals must obtain the permission of the President of
Iceland before they are accepted and worn.