lava field and its two crater rows were created by fissure eruptions.
One of the crater rows is close to the edge of the glacier and the
other further north, were the lava field is sanded and plain. The southern part is still rugged and difficult to traverse.
Just west of the lava field is a flat alluvial plain, which gets
flooded when it gets warmer in spring and on warm and sunny summer days in
the afternoon. Usually the
water disappears into the sand further north.
Quite a few unfortunate drivers have bogged down their jeeps or
buses fording this wide area because of lack of experience.
On warm and dry days, thick sandstorms arise and visibility is
reduced to almost zero. Then
it is better to have a compass at hand or reliable points to navigate
through by GPS. On a fine day
the panoramic view is breathtaking in this remote area.
To the east of the lava field the edge of the vast glacier snout
continues all the way to the Kverkfjoll Area, and the
mainstay of the volume of
River Jokulsa a Fjollum alights there.
In 1880, the Danish government sent a group of people to rediscover
ancient routes of the interior. This
expedition visited the area and named the lava field Kvislarhraun.
Four years later, the naturalist and explorer Thorvaldur Thoroddsen
named it Holuhraun.
August 29th 2014.
A fissure eruption has started at Holuhraun lava
North of Dyngjujökull glacier in Vatnajökull glacier. No volcanic
ash has been detected with the radar system.
August 31st 2014. A small fissure eruption has started again in
Holuhraun lava North of Dyngjujökull glacier in Vatnajökull glacier.
The eruption site is outside of the glacier, the fissure is estimated
1.5 km long with lava flowing to northeast. No volcanic ash has been
detected by the radar system.
Alert Phase continues to be in effect Aviation color-code set by the
Icelandic MetOffice was raised over the eruption site from orange to
All airports, international and domestic, are open. Highland closures
remain in effect
September - December. Eruption are still in Holuhraun lava. The
lava contnues to flow to the east north east and has grown in area.
JOKULSA a FJOLLUM
28 Februar 2015.
The volcano has paused or the eruption in Holuhraun is
Eruption at Holuhraun lava North of Dyngjujökull glacier in Vatnajokull
Kistufell 7 km, Urdarhals 5 Km <Holuhraun> Askja