NAT

About Iceland

Iceland is a place of contrasts.

Over 1,5 million tourists visit Iceland every year to experience the exceptional nature and culture of this remarkable island.

Created by volcanism of the Middle Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is the largest island on the ridge due to tectonic movement (the meeting point of the plates forming Earth´s surface crust).

Approximately 103.000 square km. in size, located in middle of The North Atlantic Ocean, Iceland is a beautiful – and yet harsh home for the around 330.000 inhabitants.

You will experience contrasts in nature, both in terms of geological phenomena and weather conditions.

Visiting Iceland also offers vibrant urban life in the capital of Reykjavik, where 2/3 of the population live.

With our Travel Guide and our Around Iceland guide, Nat.is wishes to provide you with a little bit about almost everything you might want to know about Iceland.

Enjoy Your Visit to Iceland!

Photo:  www.pixabay.com

Articles in About Iceland

Nesjavellir Geothermal Power Plant

Exploration and Planning started already in 1947 and was continued for two... more

Kerid Slag Crater

The slag crater Kerid is the northernmost one of the crater row called... more

Blue Lagoon – The History

The Blue Lagoon was created accidentally by the condense discharge from the... more

Svartsengi Geothermal Power Plant

The plant is located on one of the major high temperature areas of the... more

Strokkur Geyser

Strokkur geyser is the most active sprouting hot spring in the Haukadalur... more

Supermarkets in Iceland

Here you can find your nearest grocery store from the leading food retail... more

Gilsfjordur Ogres

Once there were three night ogres, who intended to cut the Westjords from the... more

Farm Breidabolstadur

Farm Breidabolstadur is a church site, a former parsonage, and the residence of... more

4 Miles – “The Dispute” 1948-56

The Cod Wars - The Extension to 4 Miles - The Disputes 1948-56 1948 April 5th... more

12 miles – “Cod War” 1958-61

Cod Wars - 12 Miles Fishing Limit - 1958-61 1957 April 12th A conference was... more

50 miles -“Cod War” 1972-73

Cod War - 50 Miles Fishing Limit - 1972-72 1972 February 15th the Parliament... more

200 miles – “Cod War” 1975-76

Cod War - 200 Miles Limit - 1975-76 1975 July 15th the Minister of Fisheries,... more

Winter Visits to SKAFTAFELL National Park

For your own safety it is of highest importance to take necessary precautions... more

Geothermal Works

Those, who visit the northernmost capital of the world, notice immediately the... more

Tourist Information Centres in East Iceland

Vopnafjordur Travel Information 690 Vopnafjordur Telephone: +354 473... more

Tourist Information Centres in South Iceland

Thorlakshofn Library and Folk Museum Olfus Hafnarborg 1 815... more

Tourist Information Centres in North Iceland

Stadarskali Hrutafjordur 500 Stadur Telephone: +354 451 1150 Fax: +354 451... more

Tourist Information Centres in West Iceland

Budardalur Vesturbraut 12c 370 Budardalur Telephone: +354 434... more

Tourist Information Centres in Southwest Iceland

Reykjavik City Hall 101 Reykjavik Telephone: +354 590 1500 Fax: +354... more

Selfoss Church

This church is in the Selfoss benefice in the Arnes deanery It was built in the... more

Hruni Church

This church belongs to the Hruni benefice in the Arnes deanery It was built of... more

Thingvellir Church

According to documented sources, a church was built at Thingvellir shortly... more

Ulfljotsvatn Church

This church belongs to the Mosfell benefice of the Arnes deanery It was built... more

Mosfell Church

The Mosfell Church belongs to the Mosfell benefice in the Arnes deanery The... more

Uthlid Church

During catholic times, Uthlid's churches were dedicated to Holy Mary, and were... more

Haukadalur Church

This church belongs to the Skalholt benefice of the Arnes deanery The Catholic... more

Hof Church Oraefi County

Hof is a cluster of farms in the Oraefi County During catholic times, the... more

Hofn Church

The Lutheran church in the fishing village Hofn was built during the period... more

Papey Church

A wooden church, built in 1904 on the foundation of an older one Declared... more

Hof Church Alftafjordur

Hof is a farm and a former church site on the Alftafjordur Bay The Catholic... more

Heydalir

Heydalir is a church site and a parsonage in the Breiddalur Valley It was... more

Bakkagerdi Church

This church belongs to the Desjamyri benefice in the Muli deanery The church... more

Modrudalur Church

This church belongs to the Valthjofsstadur benefice in the Mula deanery It was... more

Geirsstadir Church

Archaeological excavations at farm Geirsstadir in county Hroarstunga in 1997... more

As Church – Fell County

As is a former parsonage and a church site in the Fell County in Eastern... more

Hof Church

This church belongs to the Hoskuldsstadir benefice in the Hunavatn deanery Hof... more

Thingeyra Church

This church belongs to the Thingeyrar benefice in the Hunavatn deanery The... more

Breidabolstadur

Farm Breidabolstadur is a church site and a parsonage in County Vesturhop... more

Audkula Church

This church belongs to the Bolstadarhlid benefice in the Hunavatn deanery... more

Vidimyri Church

The church at Vidimyri (Skagafjordur) is considered to be "The purest example... more

Holar Cathedral

The cathedral belongs to the Holar benefice in the Skagafjord deanery After the... more

Hauganes

The long abandoned farm Haugsnes in Blonduhlid is a historical site on the... more

Grof Church Skagafjordur

This former manor is situated just south of the village Hofsos The prayer... more

Ljosavatn

Ljosavatn is a lake, farm and a church site in Pass Ljosavatnsskard near the... more

Husavik Church

The state architect, Rognvaldur Olafsson, designed the church It was built in... more

Grund Church

This church belongs to the Laugaland benefice of the Eyjafiord deanery Grund... more

Akureyri Church

The Akureyri church was designed by architect Gudjon Samuelsson and consecrated... more

Saurbaer Church in Eyjafjordur

This church belongs to the Laugaland benefice of the Eyjafiord deanery Saurbaer... more

Modruvellir Church

This church belongs to the Laugaland benefice of the Eyjafiord deanery It is... more

Kaupangur Church

This church belongs to the Laugarland benefice of the Eyjafiord deanery and is... more

Kaldrananes Church

This church belongs to the Holmavik benefice in the Hunavatn deanery on the... more

Holmavik Church

The Holmavik church belongs to the Holmavik benefice in the Hunavatn deanery... more

Arnes Churches

Those churches belong to the Arnes benefice in the Hunavatn deanery Arnes is a... more

Prestbakki Church

This church belongs to the Prestbakki benefice in the Huna deanery This estate... more

Vatnsfjordur Church

This church belongs to the Vatnsfjordur benefice in the Isafiord deanery Farm... more

Unadsdalur Church

This church belongs to the Vatnsfiord benefice in the Isafiord deanery... more

Nupur Church

The ancient manor Nupur is situated on the northern shores of the Dyra Bay in... more

Holt Church

The Holt Church belongs to the Holt benefice in the Isafiord deanery Holt is an... more

Raudasandur Church

The area named Raudasandur derives its name from the reddish looking... more

Selardalur Church

This church belongs to the Bildudalur benefice in the Bardastrond deanery... more

Hrafnseyri Church

This church belongs to the Thingeyri benefice in the Isafiord deanery During... more

Breidavik Church

The Breidavik church belongs to the Patrek’s benefice in the Bardastrond... more

Hjardarholt Church

Hjardarholt is a farm and was a parsonage until the 20th century in the Laxa... more

Hvammur Church

Farm Hvammur is a parsonage and a church site in Hvammur County of the Dalir... more

Stykkisholmur Church

This church belongs to the Stykkisholmur benefice in the Snaefell- and Dalir... more

Flatey Church

This church belongs to the Reykholar benefice in the Bardastrond Deanery A... more

Bjarnarhofn Church

This church belongs to the Stykkisholmur benefice in the Snaefellsnes- and... more

Reykholt Church

A church was built in Reykholt in the early years of Christianity in Iceland... more

Hvanneyri Church

This church belongs to the Hvanneyri benefice in the Borgarfiord deanery During... more

Hallgrims Church

This church belongs to the Saurbaer benefice in the Borgarfiord deanery It was... more

Krysuvik Church

This church belongs to the Hafnarfiord benefice in the Kjalarnes deanery It was... more

Kalfatjorn

Kalfatjorn is a former farm, parsonage and church site in the Vatnsleysa County... more

Hvalsnes Church

This church was built with basaltic lava stones in 1886-87 and consecrated on... more

Bessastadir Church

This church belongs to the Gardar benefice in the Kjalarnes deanery The Book of... more

Hallgrimskirkja Church

The church of Hallgrimur is the crown on Iceland's capital with its magnificent... more

Catholic Church

Christ the King Cathedral The church was consecrated 23 July, 1929 by Pope... more

Lutheran Cathedral

Domkirkjan - Reykjavik Lutheran Cathedral Around the turn of the 18th century... more

Reykjavik Area Sunrise – Sunset

Did you know that the Average year daylight in Reykjavik is longer than in New... more

The Vikings

The word Viking is a collective designation of Nordic peoples, Danes, Swedes,... more

Checklist for Hikers

Many tourists in Iceland travel on foot Some shuffle off to the pool, others... more

Hofdabrekku Joka – Ghost Story

Once there lived a woman at Hofdabrekka by the name of Jorunn According to most... more

The Icelandic language

Icelandic is one of the Nordic languages, which are a subgroup of the Germanic... more

Seaweed Harvesting

The seaweed grows in belts between the boundaries of the lowest tides and the... more

Weather in Iceland

Be Prepared ! Iceland enjoys a much milder climate than its name and location... more

Visas and Passports

Reciprocal abolition of passport requirements: Denmark, Finland, Norway, and... more

Flights to Iceland

Airlines operating all year around: WOW air from Europe & USA SAS... more

The Icelandic Police

There are no Icelandic military forces, and never have been, neither army, navy... more

Icelandic Coast Guard

In 1926, eight years after Iceland regained its independence, the Icelandic... more

The Icelandic Flag

Description The national flag of Iceland is a sky-blue rectangle with a... more

Telephone services

The very modern and highly reliable telephone system offers direct dialling to... more

Business Hours

Generally, shops are open between 0900 and 1800 and closed on weekends Offices... more

Business contacts

Business contacts The Ministry of Commerce, Arnarhvoll, 101... more

IGS – Iceland Glaciological Society

The Iceland Glaciological Society was founded in 1950 to support research of... more

Orders and Medals

The Order of the Falcon The Order of the Falcon was established in 1921 It is... more

Proper names

The use of family names began in Iceland in the seventeenth and eighteenth... more

Code of Arms

The Icelandic coat of arms is a shield with a silvery cross in a sky-blue field... more

Tax Free – VAT refund in Iceland

All non-Iceland residents are tax free eligible The minimum amount on one... more

Highland Routes

During summer you can drive across the interior of Iceland, the Kjolur route,... more

Map of Southwest Iceland

Reykjavik Area Reykjanes... more

Maps of South Iceland

Gullfoss & Geysir Area South Iceland Lowlands South... more

Maps of North Iceland

  Nortwest Hvamstangi to Blonduos Area Skagafjordur Area Akureyri... more

Map of West Iceland

Borgarfjordur Area Snaefellsnes... more

Maps of East Iceland

Vopnafjordur & Borgarfjordur Area Central Eastern Area Southeast... more

Map of The Highlands

Kjolur Route Sprengusandur Route Kaldidalur Route Gaesavatna... more

Wild Mammals in Iceland

Iceland cannot boast of many species of wild animals compared to many other... more

Arctic Fox in Iceland

The arctic fox (Alopex Lagopus) is believed to have occupied Iceland since the... more

Mink in Iceland

In 1931, the mink (Mustela Vison) was imported for fur farming Quite a few... more

Polar Bears in Iceland

The polar bear (Ursus maritimus, formerly Thalarctos maritimus) is also called... more

Rabbits in Iceland

Rabbits imported as pets have become a part of the wild fauna of severaæ parts... more

Reindeer in Iceland

The reindeer (Rangifer Tarandus) is a relatively new addition to the wild... more

Rodents in Iceland

Only four species of rodents occur in Iceland, the wood mouse (Apodemus... more

Birds of the South

The extensive alluvial or outwash plains (sander) of the eastern south coast,... more

Birds of the Southwest

In the capital and its vicinity, there are several good places for observing... more

Birds of the West

About 50 km from Reykjavik and only a short distance from the main road, Lake... more

Birds of the Westfjords

The mountainous and indented northwest peninsula has several places of... more

Birds of the North

In the northern lowlands, between the villages of Hvammstangi and Blonduos,... more

Birds of the East

There is a large bird cliff on the peninsula Langanes in the northeastern... more

Birds of the Interior

Most of the interior plateau is devoid of vegetation, except in a few areas,... more

Common Seal

The common seal or the harbour seal gets 2 m long and weighs up to 150 kg It... more

Grey Seal or Horse Head Seal

In common grey seal areas outside Iceland it seems to be polygamous According... more

Hooded Seal

The hooded seal’s primary habitats are around Greenland and Newfoundland It... more

Harp Seal

The harp seal’s habitats are mostly in the Arctic Ocean on both sides of... more

Bearded Seal

The bearded seal’s habitats are mainly scattered all over the Arctic Ocean It... more

Walrus

In earlier times there was only one breed of walruses It developed in different... more

Ringed Seal

The ringed seal’s primary habitat is the northern Arctic Ocean It also exists... more

Killer Whale

Adult males are 7-10 m long and weigh 4½-10 tons and females are 5½-8½ m and... more

Humpback Whale

The hump back whale (Lat Megaptera novaeangliae) in Icelandic waters is 12,5-13... more

Minke Whale

The minke whale (Lat Balaenoptera acutorostrata) seldom grows longer than 9 m... more

Fin Whale

The males are about 18 m long and the females about 19,5 m The males weigh 50... more

Sei Whale

The sei whale (Lat Balaenoptera borealis) is 12½-15 m long in Icelandic waters... more

Blue Whale

Blue whales (Lat Balaenoptera musculus) in Icelandic waters are 22-25 m long... more

Northern Bottlenose Whale

In Icelandic waters the average size of male adults is 8,4 m and 7½-8½ tons,... more

Long Finned Pilot Whale

Males are 6-8 m long and weigh 4-5 tons, females 4-6 m, and 2-3 tons The... more

Sperm Whale

Fully grow adult males are 17-20 m long and weigh 40-52 tons Females are 8-17 m... more

White Beaked Dolphin

Adult males are about 3 m long and weigh 250-370 kg Females are 2½-3 m long... more

Harbour Porpoise

Adult males weigh about 7 kg and are less than 2 m long Females are equally... more

Common Dolphin

Adult males are 1,8-2,6 m long and weigh 80-140 kg Females are 1,7-2,3 m long... more

Beluga Whale

Adult males are 4,2 – 5,5 m long and weigh 1-1,6 tons Females are 3-4,1 m... more

Narwhal

Adult males around Iceland are 4-6 m long and weigh 1,2 – 1,6 tons and the... more

Twaite Shad

The twaite shad (Alosa fallax) is mainly found in the Baltic Sea, up along the... more

The Northern Bluefin Tuna

The northern bluefin tuna (giant gluefin tuna - Lat Thunnus thynnus) inhabits... more

Toad Crab or Small Spider Crab

The toad crab's (Lat Hyas araneus) habitat is in shallow waters all around... more

Thornback Ray

The thornback ray's (Lat Raja clavata) snout is very short and almost at an... more

Spotted Catfish

The spotted catfish's (Lat Anarrhichas minor) habitat is above the ocean floor... more

Common Skate

The common skate (Lat Raja batis linnaeus) has a pointed snout Its length is... more

Edible Sea Urchin

The life cycle of a sea urchin (Lat Echinus esculentus) starts by spawning... more

Sea or Arctic Char

The sea or arctic char (Lat Salvelinus alpinus) is mainly to be found in the... more

Catfish – Seawolf

The catfish (seawolf, Atlantic catfish, Atlantic wolffish, wolf eel - Lat... more

The Icelandic Salmon

Salmon (Lat Salmo salar) fishing was practised in Iceland from its earliest... more

Saithe – Pollock

The saithe's (Lat Pollachius virens) habitat is in the North Atlantic Ocean,... more

European Plaice

The plaice's (Lat Pleuronectes platessa linnaeus) habitats are in the Northeast... more

Orange Roughy

The orange roughy's (Lat Hoplostethus islandicus) habitat is mainly off the... more

Opah – King Fish – Sun Fish

The opah's (Lat Lampris guttatus or luna) mouth is toothless and can be... more

Ocean Perch – Redfish – Norway Haddock

The ocean perch (Lat Sebastes marinus) lives near the sea floor close to land... more

Norway Pout

The Norway pout's (Lat Boreogadus esmarki) habitats are in the Northeast... more

Norway Lobster

The Norway lobster (Dublin Bay prawn, langoustine, scampi - Lat Nephrops... more

Northern Horse Mussel

The northern horse mussel (Lat Modiola modiola) is one of the most common... more

Northern Shrimp

The northern shrimp (Lat Pandalus borealis) is one of the animals called... more

Megrim – Whiff – Sail Fluke

The megrim's habitats are off the coasts of Europe, from the Trondheim's Bay in... more

Lumpsucker or Lumpfish

The lumpfish (Lat Cyclopterus lumpus) has no scales and the ventral fins form a... more

Ling

The ling's (Lat Molva Molva) habitat is in the northeast Atlantic, from... more

Iceland Scallop – Northern Clam

Scallops aggregate in patch-like groups, and commercially fishable... more

Iceland Cyprine

This mussel (Lat Arctica islandica or Cyprina islandica) is the most common of... more

Herring

The herring's (Lat Clupea harengus linnaeus) habitat is in the North Atlantic,... more

Atlantic Halibut

The halibut's (Lat Hippoglossus hippoglossus) habitat on the ocean floor in the... more

Haddock

Haddock (offshore hake - Lat Melanogrammus aeglefinus) has its habitats in the... more

Greenland Halibut

The Greenland halibut's (Lat Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) habitat is in the... more

Gray Sole

The Flounder's (Lat Glyptocephalus cynoglossus) habitats are in the North... more

European Eel or Elver

The American eel (Lat Anguilla rostrata) and the European eel (Lat Anguilla... more

Picked dogfish or spurdog

In front of both dorsal fins are hollow, poisoned spikes The dogfish's (Lat:... more

Cod

The cod's (Lat: Gadus morhua) habitats are in the North Atlantic, from... more

Capelin

The capelin's (Lat: Mallotus villosus) habitat is in the cold seas of the North... more

Tindfjoll

The total area of this small glacier is about 19 km² It is located just north... more

Krafla Fires

The events that have taken place in the Krafla caldera and on the Krafla... more

Bridge Between Two Continents

According to the continental drift theory, the Eurasian and North American... more

Thingvellir Drift Zone

According to the continental drift theory, the Eurasian and North American... more

Plate Tectonics

Plate Tectonics are a theory of global tectonics (geological structural... more

Volcanism in Iceland

The processes by which molten rock material, or magma, rises from the interior... more

About Iceland

Where is Iceland The easternmost point of the country is Gerpir (13°30’V),... more

Highest Waterfalls in Iceland

Highest Waterfalls in Iceland (meters) Glymur in River Botnsa: 190 ... more

Deepest Lakes

Deepest lakes in Iceland (meters) Oskjuvatn: 220 Hvalvatn: 160 ... more

Average Volume of Rivers

Average volume of rivers (m3/sec): Olfusa / Hvita at town Selfoss: 423 ... more

Melrakkaey Island

About Melrakkaey Island his small island is situated at the mouth of the... more

Holar Church

This church belongs to the Laugaland benefice of the Eyjafiord deanery Catholic... more

Icelandic Literature

The Icelandic Literature was created by the inhabitants of Iceland from the... more

Hofsjokull East Glacier

Glacier Hofsjokull East (1069m) is located east of Glacier Vatnajokull, between... more

Eruption in Eyjafjallajokull 2010

On March 20th 2010 (spring equinox), shortly before midnight, a half a... more

Highland Information Centers

Travel information centers when entering the Highland Interior from South ... more

Vatnajokull National Park

Vatnajokull National Park is Europe's larges National Park after merging of... more

Historical Highlights

874 < Some Irish families and hermits had moved here and settled, long... more

Largest Lakes in Iceland

10 Largest lakes in Iceland (km2) Thorisvatn (resevoir): 83-88 ... more

Longest River Catchment Areas in Iceland

10 Longest river catchment areas (km2) Jokulsa a Fjollum: 7,750 Tjorsa:... more

Longest Rivers in Iceland

10 Longest rivers in km Tjorsa: 230 Jokulsa a fjollum: 206 ... more

Largest Islands Around Iceland

10 Largest Islands (km2) Heimaey: 14,7 Hrísey: 11,5 Hjorsey: 5,5 ... more

Largest Glaciers in Iceland

10 Largest Glaciers (km2) Vatnajökull: 8300 Langjokull: 953 ... more

Highest Mountains in Iceland

10 Highest Mountains in Iceland Hvannadalshnjukur: 2110 Bardarbunga:... more

Icelandic Cattle

The Icelandic cattle they originated from cattle brought from Norway during the... more

The Icelandic Sheep

History and background The modern Icelandic Sheep is a direct descendant of... more

The Icelandic Horse

The Icelandic horses live to a ripe old age, commonly to 35-40 The oldest... more

The Icelandic Sheep Dog

The Icelandic Sheepdog is Iceland's only native dog The Nordic settlers, who... more

Domestic Animals in Iceland

Documented sources confirm that the settlers originally brought the... more

Blue Whiting

The blue whiting's (Lat: Micromesistius poutassou) habitat is in the... more

Blue Mussel

The blue mussel (Lat: Mytilus edulis) is common all around Iceland It is a... more

Blue Ling

The blue ling (Lat: Molva byrkelange) is mostly 80-130 centimetres long It is... more

Basking Shark

The basking shark (Lat: Cetorhinus maximus) is the second largest fish species... more

Angler Fish

The habitats of the angler fish (Lat: Lophius piscatorius) are in the North... more

Ingjaldsholl Church

This former parsonage and estate, outside the boundaries of the NP, was the... more

Gigjokull Glacier

About Gigjokull As one of Eyjafjallajokull Glacier´s Outlets, Gigjokull was... more

Iceland – The Ice Ages

The Ice Ages are periods in the earth's history when a significant, extended... more

Kalmanstjorn Farm

Kalmanstjorn is an abandoned farm, a former estate to the south of Lake... more

Krokslon Reservoir

About Krokslon Reservoir River Tungnaa was gradually eroding a chasm through... more

Skorradalsvatn Lake

About Skorradalsvatn Lake Lake Skorradalsvatn has an area of 14,7 km² It is... more

Graenalon Lagoon

About Graenalon Lagoon Glacial Lagoon Graenalon is a constantly changing body... more

Sultartangi Reservoir

About Sultartangi Reservoir Rivers Thjorsa and Tungnaa were dammed just east... more

Kvislaveita Lake

About Kvislaveita Lake The National Electricity Authority started work on the... more

Hop Lake

About Hop Lake Lake Hop is the country's fifth largest natural lake, situated... more

Myvatn Lake

Lake Myvatn has an area of 36,5 km² It is situated 277 m above sea level and... more

Lagarfljot Lake

About Lagarfljot Lake River Lagarfljot is the second largest one in the East,... more

Thingvallavatn Lake

About Thingvallavatn Lake Lake Thingvallavatn is the largest „natural”... more

Thorisvatn Lake

About Thorisvatn Lake This lake was the second largest natural lake of the... more

Kreppa River

About Kreppa River River Kreppa is a short tributary of the 206 kilometres... more

Eyjafjardara Estuary River

About Eyjafjardara Estuary River The River Eyjafjardara Estuary, which is... more

Sog River

About Sog River Iceland’s largest spring fed river and a famous salmon river... more

River Tungnaa

About River Tungnaa River Tungnaa discharges a larg area of the western part... more

Jokulsa a Fjollum

About Jokulsa a Fjollum This glacial river, a discharge of the icecap... more

Holsa River

About Holsa River This spring fed river was called Djupa (The Deep River) in... more

Hofsa Vopnafjordur

About Hofsa Vopnafjordur A large river in the Vopnafiord region, fished with 6... more

Vididalsa, Fitja

About Vididalsa This is one of the top rivers, producing a thousand salmon in... more

Laxa River

About Laxa River This is one of Iceland’s major salmon rivers and in many... more

Kudafljot River

About Kudafljot River River Kudafljot is the product of confluences of several... more

Hvita River

About Hvita River This is a glacial river and the main artery of the... more

Fnjoska River

About Fnjoska River This is rather a large run off and spring fed river, which... more

Blanda River

About Blanda River This is a large, partially a glacial river A dam linking to... more

Heradsvotn River

 About Heradsvotn River Heradsvotn runs through the wide Skagafjordur Valley... more

Skjalfandafljot

About Skjalfandafljot This large volume glacial rivers has some of Iceland’s... more

Tindfjallajokull Glacier

The total area of this small glacier is about 19 km² It is located just north... more

Drangajokull Glacier

This glacier is the northernmost of the country  Because of its retreat... more

Grimsey Island

About Grimsey Island Grimsey is the northernmost inhabited part of Iceland It... more

Heimaey Island

About Vestmannaeyjar The Westman Islands, "The Pearl in The Ocean", is an... more

Mt Kaldbakur

About Kaldbakur Mt Kaldbakur (998 m) is the highest mountain of the Westfjords... more

Mt Dyrfjoll

About Dyrfjoll Mt Dyrfjoll (1136 m) marks the northernmost boundaries of the... more

Mt Maelifellshnjukur

About Maelifellshnjukur Mt Maelifellshnjukur (1138 m) is located to the south... more

Snaekollur

About Snaekollur This vast and colourful rhyolite mountain massif (150 km²),... more

Mt Kerling

Mt Kerling is the highest mountain near inhabited areas in the northern part of... more

Mts Kverkfjoll

Kverkfjoll is a mountain massif underneath and on the northern edge of the... more

Geysir

This most famous and former largest spouting hot spring of the world probably... more

The Colors of Icelandic Geology

Metamorphosis in High Temperature Areas Yellow colours: Often pure sulphur... more

Geology in Highlands of Iceland

The Mountain Massif Dyngjufjoll in the southern Odadahraun lava area has an... more

Geology in South Iceland

The southern and Snaefellsnes volcanic areas are clear examples of the... more

Geology in East Iceland

Research boreholes confirmed dykes in excess of 50% of the structure at the... more

Geology in North Iceland

Hverfjall This prototype of a Tuff Ring was created during a 2-3 days’... more

Geology in West Iceland

Craters Grabrok, in the extremely beautiful area surrounding Bifrost and the... more

Geology in South West Iceland

The Reykjanes Zone is a so-called Rift Zone (thoelite) Earthquakes are frequent... more

Geology of Iceland

The islands of the Atlantic Ocean created by the volcanism of the Middle... more

Northern Lights

The northern lights (latin: aurora borealis) are a spectacular natural colour... more

Witchcraft and sorchery

The witch hunt in Europe started around the year 1480 and continued to the turn... more

Outlaws – Thieves – Ghosts – Evil Spirits – Witchcraft Burnings

Mountainside Ghosts Shepherds have often noticed hauntings in mountain shacks... more

Ospakseyri Church Farm

The land around the farm and the spit of land Ospakseyri are within the... more

Ellidaar Power Plants

The first ideas concerning a hydroelectric power station in the Ellidaar Valley... more

Gardsa Power Plant

About Gardsa Power Plant The town council of Olafsfjordur decided to harness... more

Gonguskardsa Power Plant

River Gonguskardsa is a run off river, which spills into the Skaga Bay, just... more

Grimsa Power Plant

The National Electric Power Works (RARIK) were licensed by law to build a 2,000... more

Laxarvatn Power Plant

In 1933 an auxiliary power station was built on Lake Laxarvatn a short distance... more

Reykjavik Energy

The operation of the Reykjavik Electricity Authority began formally in 1921,... more

Skeidsfoss Power Plant

River Fljotaa has its sources in the northern mountains of the Ogres’... more

Smyrlabjargaa Power Plant

River Smyrlabjargaa runs through County Sudursveit It mostly collects run off... more

Raudamelur Ytri Church Farm

The houses of the farm are situated at the high edge of the lava field, where... more

Saurbaer Church

The parsonage Saurbaer is situated in the county Hvalfjordur Coast During... more

Skalafellsjokull Glacier

Glacier Tours were founded in 1985 The road up there is only 16 km long, but... more

Skard Church Farm

Skard is a farm, a church site and was a large estate for centuries in the... more

Snaefellsnes Volcanoes

Volcanic activity on the peninsula still exists in this Flank Zone extending... more

Stadarfell Church

Stadarfell is an ancient estate and a church site of County Fellsstrond It is... more

Stadur Church

This church belongs the Prestbakki benefice in the Hunavatn deanery Stadur is a... more

Stadur Parsonage

The parsonage Stadur (or Stadarstadur) has been a church site for centuries... more

Stadur Reykjanes

Stadur is a former parsonage and a church site a short distance to the west of... more

Utskalar Church

Utskalar was a church site and a parsonage and one of the greater mansions of... more

Valthjofsstadur Church

This ancient manor and parsonage from the 14 century is situated west of the... more

The Westman Islands

About The Westman Islands The Westman Islands’ volcanic system comprises... more

Namaskard hverir

Namaskard hverir This spectacular high temperature area (410 m above sea... more

Bjarnarflag Power Plant

The idea of harnessing the geothermal energy of the Bjarnarflag Area was first... more

Dimmuborgir

The Nature Reserve Dimmuborgir, „The Dark Castles”, are among the most... more

Munkatvera Church

Munkathvera is a farm, a church site and a former manor in the Laugaland... more

Hofsjokull Glacier

Glacier Hofsjokull East (1069m) is located east of Glacier Vatnajokull, between... more

Holuhraun

This lava field and its two crater rows were created by fissure eruptions One... more

Jokulsargljufur National Park

The Northern Part of National Park Vatnajokull This park was established in... more

Skalholt Church

The ancient seat of the Icelandic bishops, Skalholt, was the centre of... more

Grimsvotn Central Volcano

Grimsvotn, under the centre of the Vatnajokull Ice Cap, is a large central... more

Eyjabakkajokull Glacier

The glacier snout Eyjabakkajokull is the easternmost of the other much larger,... more

Eiriksjokull Glacier

Glacier Eiriksjokull (1,675 m) has an area of about 22 km sq and rests on top... more

Dyngjuhals Ridge

The Dyngjuhals is a wide ridge east of Lakes Gaesavotn It is about 20 km wide... more

Katla

The central volcano Katla is hidden under the southeastern part of the ice cap... more

Krafla

The name of Mt Krafla was extended over the high temperature area after the... more

Laki, Lakagigar

The 25 km long crater row called Lakagigar was created during a relatively... more

Lambatungnajokull

About Lambatungnajokull This glacier snout flows down into the Skyndidalur... more

Langjokull Glacier

The Long Glacier (1355m) is the second largest in Iceland It has an area of... more

Myrdalsjokull

The Myrdalsjokull glacier (1480m) is the fourth largest glacier with an area of... more

Bruarjokull Glacier

This glacier tongue is the largest of the many such of the icecap Vatnajokull... more

Torfajokull glacier

The glacier Torfajokull peaks at 1,190 m above sea level and its total area is... more

Mt. Bardarbunga

Mt Bardarbunga is the second highest elevation of the country, just below 2000... more

Trolladyngja

Mt Trolladyngja (4,815 feet) is a vast shield volcano at the northern end of... more

Mt. Askja – Dyngjufjoll

The Odadahraun lava desert This is the vastest lava area of the country The... more

Tungnafellsjokull

Mt Tungnafell (1,392 m) is a convex and steep mountain in the northern slopes... more

Oraefajokull Glacier

Oraefajokull is the highest mountain of the country, 2,110 m, and stretches to... more

Vatnajokull Glacier – Europes Largest Icecap

Vatnajokull (2110m) was named after sub-glacial lakes in a very volcanically... more

Hoffell Church Farm

Hoffell is an estate in the Nesjar County According to the Book of Settlements,... more

Breidamerkurjokull Glacier

Glacier Breidamerkurjokull counts among the largest glacier tongues of the... more

Kirkjubaerklaustur Chapel

This chapel belongs to the Kirkjubaejarklaustur benefice in the Skaftafell... more

Eyjafjallajokull Glacier

Eyjafjallajokull (Directly translated: "The Island Mountains’ Glacier") or... more

Mt. Hekla – Volcano

The most "renowned or infamous" volcano of Iceland, Hekla, is situated on a 25... more

Reynir Church

The Reyni’s Church belongs to the Vik benefice in the Skaftafell Deanery In... more

Skogar Museum Church

This church belongs to the Holt benefice in the Rangarvellir deanery Its... more

Oddi Church

This church belongs to the Oddi benefice in the Rangarvellir deanery Oddi has... more

Floaveitan – Historic Irrigation

“Floaaveitan” (irrigation) was built in the years 1918-1927 It covered... more

Laugadaela Church

Laugardæla church is 3 km from Selfoss It was built in the years... more

Hjalli Church Farm

Hjalli is a farm and a church site in the Olfus County Around the year 1000 it... more

Solheimajokull Glacier

The glacier snout Solheimajokull is the southwestern outlet of the... more

Asolfsskali Church Farm

Asolfsskali is a farm and a church site at the foothills of Mts Eyjafjoll (The... more

Hlidarendi Farm

Hlidarendi is a farm and a church site in the Fljotshlid County Catholic... more

Gaulverjabaer South – Farm

Gaulverjabaer is a farm hamlet, church site and a former parsonage in the Floi... more

Strandar church

This church belongs to the Thorlakshofn benefice in the Arnes deanery It is the... more

Skaftafell National Park

The Southern Part of National Park Vatnajokull The second national park,... more

Thingvellir National Park

The Parliamentary Plains are the most important historic site of the country... more

Gilsbakki

Farm Gilsbakki is also a church site in County Hvitarsida, District... more

Deildartunguhver

About Deildartunguhver This is probably the most voluminous natural hot spring... more

Snaefellsjokull glacier

The Snaefell glacier (1446m) has an area of about 7 km² It covers a cone... more

Bulandshofdi

The headland Bulandshofdi falls steep into the sea to the east of the fishing... more

National Park Snaefellsjokull

The Snaefellsjokull National Park was officially established on the 28th of... more