Wildlife in Iceland is rich with birdlife and marine mammals. It is a popular country with ornithologists who visit to see dozens of species of bird during the summer nesting season. It is also home to many seabirds, among them puffins, skuas, and kittiwakes who nest on sea cliffs around the country.
When the country was settled in the ninth century, the only native land mammal was the Arctic Fox, which came to the island at the end of the ice age, walking over the frozen sea. However, most of the domestic breeds that the settlers brought with them have remained unchanged in isolation. The Icelandic horse is perhaps the most well-known example of this. Other domestic animals include the Icelandic sheep, cattle, chicken, goat, and the Icelandic sheepdog.
Wild mammals in Iceland include the Arctic Fox, mink, mice, rats, rabbits and reindeer. Polar bears occasionally visit the island, traveling on icebergs from Greenland. Icelandic waters are rich with marine life, including seals, whales, dolphins and over three hundred species of fish.
Source: Iceland.is – Photo Credit: Jonathen Pie
Iceland cannot boast of many species of wild animals compared to many other... more
The arctic fox (Alopex Lagopus) is believed to have occupied Iceland since the... more
The polar bear (Ursus maritimus, formerly Thalarctos maritimus) is also called... more
Rabbits imported as pets have become a part of the wild fauna of severaæ parts... more
The reindeer (Rangifer Tarandus) is a relatively new addition to the wild... more
The extensive alluvial or outwash plains (sander) of the eastern south coast,... more
In the capital and its vicinity, there are several good places for observing... more
About 50 km from Reykjavik and only a short distance from the main road, Lake... more
The mountainous and indented northwest peninsula has several places of... more
In the northern lowlands, between the villages of Hvammstangi and Blonduos,... more
Most of the interior plateau is devoid of vegetation, except in a few areas,... more
In common grey seal areas outside Iceland it seems to be polygamous According... more
The hump back whale (Lat Megaptera novaeangliae) in Icelandic waters is 12,5-13... more
In Icelandic waters the average size of male adults is 8,4 m and 7½-8½ tons,... more
Males are 6-8 m long and weigh 4-5 tons, females 4-6 m, and 2-3 tons The... more
Adult males are about 3 m long and weigh 250-370 kg Females are 2½-3 m long... more
Adult males weigh about 7 kg and are less than 2 m long Females are equally... more
Adult males are 1,8-2,6 m long and weigh 80-140 kg Females are 1,7-2,3 m long... more