Wildlife in Iceland is rich with birdlife and marine mammals. It is a popular country with ornithologists who visit to see dozens of species of bird during the summer nesting season. It is also home to many seabirds, among them puffins, skuas, and kittiwakes who nest on sea cliffs around the country.

When the country was settled in the ninth century, the only native land mammal was the Arctic Fox, which came to the island at the end of the ice age, walking over the frozen sea. However, most of the domestic breeds that the settlers brought with them have remained unchanged in isolation. The Icelandic horse is perhaps the most well-known example of this. Other domestic animals include the Icelandic sheep, cattle, chicken, goat, and the Icelandic sheepdog.

Wild mammals in Iceland include the Arctic Fox, mink, mice, rats, rabbits and reindeer. Polar bears occasionally visit the island, traveling on icebergs from Greenland. Icelandic waters are rich with marine life, including seals, whales, dolphins and over three hundred species of fish.

Source: – Photo Credit: Jonathen Pie

Articles in Wildlife

Wild Mammals in Iceland

Iceland cannot boa t of many pecie of wild animal compared to many other... more

Arctic Fox in Iceland

The arctic fox (Alopex Lagopu ) i believed to have occupied Iceland ince the... more

Mink in Iceland

In 1931, the mink (Mu tela Vi on) wa imported for fur farming Quite a few... more

Polar Bears in Iceland

The polar bear (Ur u maritimu , formerly Thalarcto maritimu ) i al o called... more

Rabbits in Iceland

Rabbit imported a pet have become a part of the wild fauna of everaæ part... more

Reindeer in Iceland

The reindeer (Rangifer Tarandu ) i a relatively new addition to the wild... more

Rodents in Iceland

Only four pecie of rodent occur in Iceland, the wood mou e (Apodemu... more

Birds of the South

The exten ive alluvial or outwa h plain ( ander) of the ea tern outh coa t,... more

Birds of the Southwest

In the capital and it vicinity, there are everal good place for ob erving... more

Birds of the West

About 50 km from Reykjavik and only a hort di tance from the main road, Lake... more

Birds of the Westfjords

The mountainou and indented northwe t penin ula ha everal place of... more

Birds of the North

In the northern lowland , between the village of Hvamm tangi and Blonduo ,... more

Birds of the East

There i a large bird cliff on the penin ula Langane in the northea tern... more

Birds of the Interior

Mo t of the interior plateau i devoid of vegetation, except in a few area ,... more

Common Seal

The common eal or the harbour eal get 2 m long and weigh up to 150 kg It... more

Grey Seal or Horse Head Seal

In common grey eal area out ide Iceland it eem to be polygamou According... more

Hooded Seal

The hooded eal’ primary habitat are around Greenland and Newfoundland It... more

Harp Seal

The harp eal’ habitat are mo tly in the Arctic Ocean on both ide of... more

Bearded Seal

The bearded eal’ habitat are mainly cattered all over the Arctic Ocean It... more


In earlier time there wa only one breed of walru e It developed in different... more

Ringed Seal

The ringed eal’ primary habitat i the northern Arctic Ocean It al o exi t... more

Killer Whale

Adult male are 7-10 m long and weigh 4½-10 ton and female are 5½-8½ m and... more

Humpback Whale

The hump back whale (Lat Megaptera novaeangliae) in Icelandic water i 12,5-13... more

Minke Whale

The minke whale (Lat Balaenoptera acutoro trata) eldom grow longer than 9 m... more

Fin Whale

The male are about 18 m long and the female about 19,5 m The male weigh 50... more

Sei Whale

The ei whale (Lat Balaenoptera boreali ) i 12½-15 m long in Icelandic water... more

Blue Whale

Blue whale (Lat Balaenoptera mu culu ) in Icelandic water are 22-25 m long... more

Northern Bottlenose Whale

In Icelandic water the average ize of male adult i 8,4 m and 7½-8½ ton ,... more

Long Finned Pilot Whale

Male are 6-8 m long and weigh 4-5 ton , female 4-6 m, and 2-3 ton The... more

Sperm Whale

Fully grow adult male are 17-20 m long and weigh 40-52 ton Female are 8-17 m... more

White Beaked Dolphin

Adult male are about 3 m long and weigh 250-370 kg Female are 2½-3 m long... more

Harbour Porpoise

Adult male weigh about 7 kg and are le than 2 m long Female are equally... more

Common Dolphin

Adult male are 1,8-2,6 m long and weigh 80-140 kg Female are 1,7-2,3 m long... more

Beluga Whale

Adult male are 4,2 – 5,5 m long and weigh 1-1,6 ton Female are 3-4,1 m... more


Adult male around Iceland are 4-6 m long and weigh 1,2 – 1,6 ton and the... more